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 9. Connected neighbourhoods

 

If we are successful then by 2040:

  • Local neighbourhoods will be more pleasant and safe to walk and cycle around, with most short trips being made on foot or by bike. Access to local public transport services and neighbourhood facilities will be easier without a car.
  • More people will choose not to own a car, but will have more flexible access to a low-emission vehicle if and when needed.
  • The impact of traffic on local neighbourhoods will be reduced and access to local centres will be improved for deliveries and for public transport, without compromising safety for pedestrians and cyclists.

Nationally, the average length of journeys for day-to-day activities (education, shopping, personal business, other escort trips) is within five miles of home. This shows the importance of the journeys we make locally.

People need easy access to jobs, schools, shops and other facilities. Good local connections are the foundation of an effective transport network, as links to public transport stations and stops are an essential part of longer trips.

More than half of short local trips are made by car, so to provide these vital links without increasing congestion, more local trips need to be made on foot, by bike or on public transport. For many people, journeys of up to two kilometres (just over a mile) can easily be made on foot, while five kilometres (three miles) is an easy cycling distance.

29% of trips made in Greater Manchester are made on foot.

To bring about real change, we must make neighbourhoods and town centres ‘pedestrian and cycle friendly’, providing attractive, ‘liveable’ streets and public spaces, with slower traffic speeds and safe routes. At the same time we need to maintain access for deliveries and public transport. The design and speed of local roads needs to reflect their function, with pedestrians and cyclists given priority and space wherever possible.

Public transport will need to become ‘seamless’ to make it easier to change between services and with simple, integrated ticketing that offers best value travel. The network must be easy to understand and use, accessible to all users, and have information readily available both before and during the journey. It must also provide links to the places people need to reach, at the times they need to travel.

31% of Greater Manchester households have no access to a car.

For some people, door-to-door transport is essential. We need to make sure this is provided in the most costeffective way and that the different types of provision (e.g. hospital transport, social services transport, Ring and Ride and taxis) are fully integrated to improve their effectiveness.

Through our fuller strategy, we will develop policies for the role of these flexible transport options as part of the Greater Manchester transport system.

We will make local rail stations more accessible for people with disabilities and improve access to them on foot and by bike. Through integrated ticketing and travel information, supported by integrated service planning, we will also encourage bus/rail interchange at local stations. In targeted locations, we will also provide parking where this will encourage people to travel by train rather than drive all the way to their final destination, working with neighbouring authorities to overcome excessive car miles to stations at the Greater Manchester boundary.

Bolton marketsMajor new developments need to be located with easy access by all modes of transport or where public transport can be provided in a cost-effective way. The design of new housing needs to make it easier to travel without a car, so we will encourage developers to build homes and commercial developments where the needs of pedestrians and cyclists are integral to the designs. We will also encourage the provision of space for car clubs and charging points for electric vehicles to make car use more sustainable.

The local highway network needs to be safe and well maintained, with key roads always available, able to cope with extreme weather conditions and offering reliable journey times. We will need to work with the Government to provide incentives for people to buy low emission vehicles, to improve local air quality and reduce carbon emissions.

Improved broadband coverage will reduce the need for some journeys, but more local collection points will be needed to improve the efficiency of internet shopping and to reduce local traffic.

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